This issue of E-Journal is containing informative articles on Analysis of a Horoscope.
This issue contains You and your dressing sense, Shivratri, Nakshatra etc This issue of E-journal is containing informative articles on physiognomy and palmistry. One article gives Astrological concept behind baby name selection. One other article explains a July This issue of Research Journal contains several research oriented articles on Astrology and health.
Other scholarly articles are as follows: Vedic astrology and law of Karma, Are you a lucky person, t In the issue of E-Journal the readers shall be able to read valuable information on topics like the role of moon in astrology in an article by the name Shedding Light on Moon in addition to that the r This issue of E journal contains following informative and interesting articles - Trik Bhava, Aquamarine gem, Durga Pooja festival, Panchanguli Yantra etc This issue of E Journal January contains very good following articles like This issue of Research Journal has been made in the form of souvenir meant for the astrological seminar Kanpur.
This issue is especially concern with the astrological study of the coming year This issue of E Journal January contains very good following articles giving predictions for new year i. Trump, Mr. Modi Su In this issue of E Journal October contains very good artical on Astrology. Many important articles related to these subjects have been written by renowned astrologers.
Articles of this issue of In addition to that it also contain informative and interesting articles on Vastu, Fengshui and Numerology. This type of child can be eccentric because according to medical science this is a symptom of fatal alcohol syndrome and genetic abnormalities.
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According to medical science Head Line and Heart Line join when in the first few weeks of pregnancy the mother of child goes through some kind of mental stress or tension. It also proves that state of mind of mother can bring changes in the 8. This is true because genetic fact creates the lines whereas the mother's condition during pregnancy and the upbringing of child can change the health and future of the child. As per the science of palmistry various areas of hand activate specific areas of brain and accordingly they are associated with various planets.
For example the area below index finger is known as mount of Jupiter as this point of hand is directly connected with the knowledge area of our brain. The area below middle finger is mount of Saturn because it is related with action area of a brain. The little finger is connected with that area of our brain which remains involved in scientific calculations, therefore the area below this finger is known as mount of Mercury. Two nerves are connected to ring finger whereas the other fingers are controlled by one nerve only. The larger area of our brain is controlled by this area only and therefore ring finger is most important among all fingers and that is why it is rightly termed as finger of Sun.
Probably for this reason only, most of the gems are worn in this finger. The other important activities like pooja ceremonies, counting the beads of rosary for recitation of mantras or putting mark on forehead etc. This ratio has been found to be one of the only sexually dimorphic different norms for men and women characteristics that are fixed before puberty.
Men tend to have longer fourth ring fingers compared to their index finger, while women have longer index fingers comparatively. Simplified, the fourth fingers length is positively correlated to testosterone, while the second index finger with astrogen. In Europeans 2D:4D ranges between 1. Colour of Hands: Beyond digit ratio, there are other medical clues we can gather from our hands.
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The colour and appearance of our hands can often be a good indicator of our general health: Poor blood circulation a symptom for a variety of ailments can cause hands to take on a blue-ish hue. Red hands may indicate cirrhosis of the liver. Fingernails: Diabetes is often accompanied with "Terry's nails" half white, half pink nails. Blue fingernails can be sign of heavy metal poisoning, very poor circulation, lung or heart problems.
Yellow or green finger nails can indicate a respiratory problem. Clubbing nails curve over the fingertips is often caused by low oxygen levels in the blood, and could be a sign of lung, liver or bowel disease. Spoon nails concave shaped may indicate an iron deficiency. Fingerprints: Dermatoglyphics is the scientific study of fingerprints, and rare dermatoglyphic patterns often relate to genetic disorders.
In one study patients with Alzheimer's showed a significantly increased frequency of ulnar loops on their fingertips. Male to female transsexuals were found to have a higher digit ratio than control males, but one that was comparable to control females. Marriage is the most fascinating event in the life of every young boy and girl, who have high expectations from their marriage and life partner.
The quality of marriage makes or breaks the future life of an individual. The Hindu families invariably have the horoscope of their marriageable child examined by an astrologer to ascertain the marriage prospects and, on his advice, look for a suitable match with complementary horoscope to ensure that the couple leads a happy, healthy and prosperous married life.
However, complete marital bliss is quite rare.
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Indian astrology is a comprehensive divine science passed down to posterity by our visionary Rishis for knowing the past, present and future of every aspect of human life, including marriage. The 2nd House refers to family, the 4th House to happiness, the 5th House to love, affection and progeny; 8th House to mangalya marital happiness , the 11th House to fulfilment of desires, and 12th House Sign located in these Houses and aspect of benefic planets Jupiter, Venus, unafflicted Mercury and strong Pakshabali Moon and absence of influence of malefic planets Mars, Saturn, Rahu and Ketu and the Sun, ensure marital happiness.
Malefic influence on 7th House, its lord and Karaka significator without any redeeming benefic aspect destroys marital happiness. The Moon represents mind Chandrama manso jatah and thought process. Mars, the planet of vigour and energy, and Venus, the planet of love and sex, The blessings of Jupiter bind man and woman into bond of marriage. After marriage, the restrictive Saturn keeps marriage partners within regulated conjugal relationship.
It controls amorous digression, teaches faithfulness, and thereby ensures lasting bond of marriage. The Sanskrit name of Mars Mangal is Angarak, meaning one that burns. When Mars is located in 1st, 4th, 7th, 8th and 12th House, it forms Mangal Dosh. By such location it adversely affects marriage related Houses, either by conjunction or its 4th, 7th and 8th aspect.
Mars in 7th and 8th House gives worst results and may even cause death of the spouce. The horoscopes of Boy and Girl with Mangal Dosh requires proper matching for counter-balancing the evil effect of Mars before solemnisation of marriage. Saturn in the 7th House makes the native dull, morose and under-sexed. The marriage is delayed or scleminesed with a widow or an aged or not so good looking inidividual. Saturn if conjoined with, or aspected by malefic planets causes broken engagements.
A girl with such a combination remains spinster unmarried till advanced age. Rahu in 7th House also causes late and disturbed married life. The wife may belong to lower caste, is sickly, there is possibility of cheating in marriage. The individual may also have intercaste marriage. Ketu in 7th House indicates unhappy married life.
The wife may be foulmouthed or may talk irrelevant, except in Scorpio Sign where it is exalted. The wife may remain sick or expire early. When the Sun is posited in the 7th House, the wife belongs to a higher status family, is proud and domineering, which makes married life unhappy. In a girl's horoscope, the location of Sun in 7th House, unless aspected by benefics, indicates the possibility of the girl being rejected and discarded by the husband after marriage.
A strong and well aspected Mercury of Moon in the 7th House gives a young, beautiful and intelligent wife. Mercury as the 7th lord, if weak and afflicted by malefics, makes the wife of the native argumentative, who works against the husband and destroys marital happiness. Jupiter is the significator for husband in girl's horoscope, and Venus is the significator for wife. Their strength, placement in good House, their aspect on 7th House and its lord ensures marital happiness.
When Jupiter and Venus are related to the 7th House, the wife is from the same caste. According to Sarvartha Chintamani Ch. Review handsome spouse who is capable and of decent nature. If Sun, she will be devoted but domineering. If Moon, then beautiful and peace loving. If Mercury, then intelligent, beautiful and capable. If Jupiter, then good natured and religious. If Venus, then beautiful, loves comforts and indulgent to the extent of going astray. If Saturn, then the wife is of cruel nature and opposed to husband. If the Navamsa Lagna lord is conjoined with other malefics or receives their aspect, then the wife is quarrelsome.
The role of 7th House has been enumerated above in sufficient detail. After that the role of 7th House lord is described. To begin with, strong 7th lord improves the 7th house result. When the 7th lord is strong and aspected by benefics, the inlaws are wealthy, but if it is weak and afflicted they are not so well off. The result of location of 7th lord in different house of the horoscope, subject to its strength and aspects, is as follows: In 1st House : When the 7th lord is a benefic and friendly to the Lagna lord, the wife comes from a known family, is helpful to the native and the couple lives happily.
If the lord of 7th House and Lagna are located in Lagna itself close to each other, the native marries early. But if she dies, the native marries again, and the second wife survives. But if afflicted and weak, the native faces financial stringency after marriage. In 3rd House : The wife is a source of strength to the native. If afflicted, the wife may have soft corner for native's younger brother. In 4th House : The wife is good natured and helpful to the native, who becomes prosperous. If afflicted the native remains unhappy.
In 5th House : The native's wife is a cultured and religious person, who begets him many children. If afflicted, the wife will be obstinate and cruel. In 6th House : The wife is sickly. The native has to spend much on his wife, and may incur debt. Benefic aspect improves the situation. In 7th House : The native marries early and leads a happy life with his spouse. If the 7th lord is malefic and afflicted there may be affairs outside marriage.
In 8th House : Marriage is delayed and married life is unhappy, unless there is benefic aspect on the 8th house. In 9th House : The wife brings luck to the native, whose fortune rises after marriage. In 11th House : Married life is happy. In 12th House : The marriage is late. There is huge expenditure on wife. The above results equally apply to the horoscopes of females. Among the trans-Saturn planets, neptune's influence on marriage related houses and their lords indicates deception, alienation and sexual pervorsion. The marriage may not conform to family norms and customs.
Uranus is a planet of innovation, suddeness and revolt against the existing system. Its influence on 7th house and its lord leads to broken romance and engagements. Marriage is usually against the religious norms. It may cause marriage by elopement. Pluto causes strains and tension in married life and may cause a second marriage.
A Happily Married Lady. The lady has fair complexion, charming personality, is soft spoken, polite and well behaved. She is enjoying a very happy and prosperous married married life. Her married life has been full of quarrels and quite unhappy. Moon, Venus and Jupiter in 7th House aspect Lagna. Lagna Lord Mercury is in 5th House.
Rahu and Ketu are exalted. In view of so many benefic factors the malafic effect caused by the. Lagna lord Saturn and 7th Lord Moon are inimical to each other. Ra Saturn afflicts Kalatrakaraka Venus, exalted in 3rd House. Rahu is in 8th House Mangalya and aspects 8th lord Sun in 4th House happiness. The 7th and 8th Houses and their lords ae badly afflicted. Her husband died within a year of marriage. In order to appreciate, one has to understand that no planet acts and influences in isolation. Results of every planet are relative to the strength and weakness of the entire birth chart. As such before proceeding further one has to appreciate some peculiarities of Rahu Ketu.
This is being dealt with in Part General. Part-I - General The Earth and the Moon move on defined paths in heavens, creating different fields of forces. These relative fields of forces and equilibrium between these forces, is disturbed when paths of the earth and the Moon intersect. Rahu and Ketu do not possess mass like other planets. At the time of eclipse the light and other electromagnetic vibrations coming from the Moon or the Sun are cut off and normal arrangements, which obtain for the earth, are disturbed.
Persons born during eclipse, due to this disturbance, have been found suffering mildly and sometimes seriously from mental abnormality and other physical ailments. Planetary influences are modified when they come in contact with Rahu and But it is said to increase intellectual properties of the planet to great heights, if permitted by horoscopic constraints. Further by absorbing the results of the conjunct planet they give results of the conjunct planet, thereby virtually making the conjunct planet afflicted and weak from this point of view along with their capacity to afflict the Sun and the Moon; and they are taken to have comparatively stronger influence as compared to other planets.
But while considering influence of Rahu and Ketu, one must consider their disposition for the planets ruling the signs of Rahu and Ketu are called "Karmic Controlling Planets". It is said that since Ketu is inlet point of Karma, the planet ruling the sign of Ketu is called incoming, or past life, Karmic Control. The planet ruling the sign of Rahu controls Karmic distribution in this life. Ashubha Ashubha According to the influence of other house owned by 2nd and 12th Lords. Ashubha Kendresha Sama.
AIFAS Research Journal Of Astrology
Review understanding. One has to keep them in mind. One may also refer to "Chamatkar Chintamani", for detailed Bhava results in different situations. According to 13th Shloka of Laghu Parashari, strong Rahu and Ketu give results of a the Bhava occupied by them; and b the Bhavas ruled by planet s conjunct with them. Suryanarain Rao.
However, following factors may be kept in mind: a Rahu in Karkata, Vrishabha or Mesha will give money, education and pleasure and recognition from kings and pleasure from wife, servants and happiness to his soul — Even if Rahu and Ketu are alone in Trikonas — including Lagna, are Shubha, in 4th, 7th, and 10th, they are "Sama"- neither "Shubha" nor "Ashubha"-; and in 3rd, 6th, and 11th, while Rahu is said to be "Arishta Nashaaka".
In 8th and 12th Rahu or Ketu alone would be "Ashubha" ordinarily. If Rahu and Ketu are in above said positions and in Papa Rashi or Papa Navamsha or position-wise in 2nd, 12th, 3rd, 6th or 8th they tend to increasingly reduce happiness from the relations indicated by the Bhava occupied by them — by quarrel and strained relations, by living at great distances; or by lack of birth or untimely sad demise.
However, Rahu may cause. These qualitative results would increase when Rahu is Vargottama. The area of activities would depend upon on its Rashi. Navamsha and Nakshatra dispositors and the planet which are conjunct or aspected by Rahu. As per Deva Keralam Vol. V Verse - at page Rahu in 2nd: a Should Rahu be in the 2nd Scorpio in Vargottama Navamsha, the subject will be given to enjoy pleasures.
He will incur diseases in childhood. In the middle of his life, he will enjoy a great deal of prosperity. Old age will place him in debts and he will to some extent steal others' wealth. He will be attached to his race, be famous among his family members and will suffer from physical illnesses. He will be honoured by the king of kings, be revered by scholars and will earn fame. Vargottama position will be auspicious. He is sensitive, sympathetic, helpful and virtuous.
If the evil planets are exalted, or Vargottama in D-9; the native becomes arrogant, ungrateful irresponsible, haughty, poor and is troubled by the governing authorities. If Dasha of Rahu does not operate in the life of an individual then Dasha of Ketu would be operating in the life of the native. While delineating the results of Vargottama, Rahu and Ketu, one must not forget the comparative importance of one of these two Chhaya Grahas. Wadiyar IV This Nadi rule should apply to Rahu and Ketu also.
All the illustrated celebrities mentioned in the above Table are from Notable Horoscopes of Dr. Since Rashi Lord and Navamsha Lord are one and the same it could have strong influence on Rahu within the constraints as mentioned in Part I. Nakshatra would also have definite influence but about just one-third of the results and other two third resultsone third each may be attributed to Rashi and Navamsha Lords.
Sri Gautama Buddha In his case Rahu was 86 degree 54 minutes i. Hence Rahu as well as Ketu are Vargottama. In his 16th year, Gautama was married to Yasodhara. In His 29th year, Buddha, on the day of the birth of his son Rahul, made the great renunciation. He left His young wife and child and wandered into the forest. Nakshatra Lord being Jupiter would also have impact on this Vargottama Rahu. Saturn had separating effect in so far wife and comforts Venus , son Jupiter were concerned. Though Rahu is materialist, this Gyan Vairagya and internal churning to find truth in various ways, led to a different kind of Yoga paving path for establishment of Buddhism.
Alexander the Great In his case Rahu was degree 2 minutes i. Under the same directions, his father died by assassination. It is Pancham Navamsha. Jatakabharanam and Hora Review Ratnam extol this Navamsha position of any planet by holding out that even if one planet is in its Panchamamsa the native will become a king; and if that planet in addition be endowed with all kinds of strength, he will be emperor "Shatbhisaj III- has this advantage in addition to its quality to cure all diseases and to revitalize.
It has also the quality to remove all the obstacles in one's progress by removing them. Alexander's' chart establishes this fact. Sri Ramanujacharya In case of Ramanujacharya Rahu was 43 degree 42 minutes i. Consequently, Rahu had triple advantage position wise. Mark the position of Rahu in the 12th from the 7th Lord from the Moon and the unique disposition of Jupiter from Chandra Lagna. Rahu is Vrishabha 5th Navamsha i.
Journal of Astrological Studies
It is in 12th- from Lagna Lord the Moon and Jupiter i. From Chandra Lagna it is in 12th. Moon carries Rahu's separating influence on Jupiter. Venus, Karaka for wife is combust. Saturn 7th from Lagna and in 7th in Chandra Lagna is also spoiling Jupiter by its separating aspect. Rahu, the materialist is converted to spiritualist by association Hence, Venus is weak. Thus Bhoga was suppressed by the above factors and Vairagya developed. This is to be noted that Ketu the Mokshakaraka is in Nakshatra of Saturn. Rashi dispositer of Venus and by the conjunction of combusting Sun and Mercury Lord of his debilitation sign Virgo.
Hence Rahu as well as Ketu are Vargottama Dr. Raman observed that Victoria ascended the throne in when she was having Rahu Dasha Jupiter Bhukti. The years immediately following her accession were the least sensible and satisfactory time in her whole life", probably due to the situation of Jupiter in Dhanistha II the constellation of Mars who in his turn is afflicted.
Ketu is Vargottama in 5th in Virgo, increased the propensity to give children. Tilak was sentenced to eighteen month' rigorous imprisonment in September in Sun Dasha Moon Bhukti. Sun is in Pushya II owned by Saturn. Saturn is 7th and 8th Lord posited in 12th in Nakshatra of Rahu Aridra. The Sun and the Moon have caused Bandhana Yoga, by virtue of the former joining Lord of the 11th in Lagna and the latter joining Rahu in the 9th aspected by Saturn.
It is said and experienced that Rahu absorbs good results of planets conjuncts with it. This led to his release and name and fame also. V Raman observed "The most outstanding combinations in this horoscope are: the glorified position of Lord of Lagna in the 9th with the 9th Lord and affliction of this combination by Saturn and Rahu. Tilak suffered a lot for the country. He was a born fighter as revealed by the dominating position of Mars and he will be remembered forever for the inspiring legacy that he has left to India in the thought "Swaraj is my birthright".
He was essentially a man of religion as revealed by the position of Jupiter.
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Rahu's situation in the Nakshatra of Mercury who is Mokshasthanadhipati and the entire combination receiving the aspect of Saturn from Mokshasthana gave him a living faith in God. Otherwise, he would not have said at the time of his conviction that "there are higher powers that rule the destinies of things and it may be the will of Providence that the cause which I represent should prosper more by my suffering than by my remaining free".
Arishta Yogas for suffering evenly balanced with Raja Yogas and Lagna and Lagna Lord fully fortified reveal Tilak's stainless purity of life, immense sacrifice in the cause of the country, deep devotion to the people and principles, and the moral stuff and quality of the man which left him uncrowned king of India". We fondly remember this great man and salute him on the Ganesha Chaturthi Day. His Ketu was 44 degree 55 minutes i.
Both are in Pancham Navamsha and Vargottamamsa. This success has acted as a beacon, a towering light with all manner of different epistemological groups seeking the comfort of legitimacy within the illumination and cultural brightness of scientific methodology. But for many of the human sciences this acceptability has been gained at a high price.
In discussing the impact of positivism in research into human perception via the human eye, Gunther S. Such a statement is reflected at the student level in the colloquial definition of psychology as nothing but "Rats and Stats". But why did the human sciences seek shelter under the brilliant but unsympathetic light of scientific methodology? The need for epistemological groups to seek legitimacy In , Tamotsu Shibutani defined what he called Social Worlds where he saw the concept of commitment as the basis of social groups and social action.
According to Gieryn , this theory can be extended to suggest that people form groups based not only on commitment but also on common motivations and interests. These groups may be for sports, religious, political or epistemological purposes. Gieryn further advocates that such worlds display three major properties. Firstly, any social world has the potential for division and segmentations into sub-worlds. Secondly, a social world will have points of intersection with other worlds.
And thirdly, social worlds have the desire to legitimize themselves through definition and enforcement of standards and boundaries. The methodology developed by the human sciences can largely be defined as a qualitative methodology where, in general, hard values are not placed on observations thus rendering the results unacceptable to scientific statistical rigour. This legitimacy was also sought within the social world of astrology.
The first astrologer known to have campaigned for astrology to adopt the scientific method was the Benedictine monk and mathematician, Placidus de Titis — Having studied Rene Descartes, Placidus tried to develop a scientific astrological theory. His astrological theory was based on the belief that there was a causal relationship between the measurable light of the stars and planets and the events on earth. He developed his thinking in his two major works, Question physiomathematicarum published in and Primum Mobile published in He also developed an elegant argument for a time-based house system based on Cartesian philosophy5.
This house system is now known simply as the Placidus house system and its popularity has carried Placidus' name into the culture of modern western astrology. He lived, however, one hundred years before DeMoivre discovered the equation for "normal distribution", now called the bell-curve. The importance of the bell-curve is that it provided the foundation for statistics which is the vehicle by which one can successfully generalise repeatedly from data.
Hence in his attempt to bring astrology into the new emerging scientific ways, Placidus never had to prove his theory via the rigours of statistics. Instead he used the well- established system of astrological case studies with over thirty birth charts to "confirm the truth of things" Placidus xiii. The monk Placidus may have been the first astrologer to bend his knee to science but he has not been the last. Like all other social worlds, astrologers naturally wanted to legitimize themselves as a body of knowledge. Logically this legitimacy would enable them to claim a rightful place in intellectual society, establish their definition of self, strengthen their cultural identity and maybe even dare to attempt, like Placidus, to construct a theory of astrology.
Nevertheless it took over two hundred years before astrology seriously approached the world of scientific research and statistics. It did this with optimism and excitement, eager to finally show the world that astrology warranted acceptance by the scientific community. Reviewing astrological research in the 20th century. In an attempt to understand the sentiments expressed in the questionnaires and at the same time seeking to triangulate the data, I examined astrological research publications of the last eighty years.
This optimism is nicely expressed by Doris Chase Doane in her work reviewing thirty years of astrological research where she states: Ideas that go back through ancient Chaldea and ancient Egypt to Atlantis and Mu can be explained in terms of the most modern discoveries of material science. Doane, ix In order to show that these ancient ideas could be proved by way of the rigour of modern scientific method, astrological research journals were established to aid the discussion and advancement of this most important and potentially legitimizing work.
One of these journals, and probably the most prestigious, was and indeed still is Correlations, an arm of the Astrological Association of Great Britain, published twice a year in the UK. It then ceased for a period of eleven years, then resumed in June and has continued to be published bi- annually since that date. In the first issue editor, Simon Best, shows this optimism and willingness to form a partnership with the scientific community, even suggesting that astrology was prepared to change some of its tenets, that is to say rearrange its boundaries and definitions in order to gain the benefits of being accepted into the world of 20th century science.
Science, in its painstaking way, is gradually coming to conclusions that promise to make astrology respectable. However, astrologers, from their intuitive viewpoint, should not be too patronising, their own subject being too imperfect not to need the help that science can give.
Autumn 9 What then follows are eight volumes of Correlations where only quantitative research projects are undertaken, none of which managed to fulfil the early expectation of that first editorial. By the summer of Dennis Elwell states: If a scientific astrology is to be developed, meticulous attention must be paid to its language. Modern science has been conditioned by linguistic philosophy and the semantic discipline. Vol 8, The next publication of Correlations was in June The journal now had a slightly different approach in that it considered the failure to perform within the scientific method as the fault of the astrologers and not the fault of astrology.
This is best expressed in the words of Professor Hans Eysenck in his article titled, The importance of methodology in astrological research: For the past few years, Dr David Niss and I have been looking closely at the literature which has been accumulating with respect to the scientific testing of astrological hypotheses. We found much of the material interesting and suggestive, but we are most impressed by the weakness of the scientific methodology employed by most of the authors. In this article he discusses the importance of harmonic analysis and makes the statement: I have to begin by saying, regretfully, that I am more or less convinced that the astrology of the text-books is, to a considerable extent, in the nature of an elegant fiction.
Rather than accept the scientific negation of his social world's tenets, Michael Shallis took up the challenge of defending astrology's boundaries in his article titled, Problems of Astrological research: Modern scientific research and astrology are different kinds of activity. Astrology is derived from given Principles, research from theory and empirical data.
The author argues that the two activities come from different world-views and one cannot validly be regarded in the light of the other. Vol 1 No2: 41 And later in the same article he challenges Addey's abandonment of astrology's main tenets in his eagerness for scientific acceptance by saying: Astrological researchers seem to want to choose only those parts of astrology that succumb to their methods and to reject or ignore the other parts.
Hence, Addey entices researchers to abandon the astrology of the text-books and apply his method in order to increase their results ten-fold. Such results, however, will only reveal information about the approach taken to astrology and not about its Principles at all. Vol 1 No2: 45 This is an important point made by Shallis as it draws a line in the sand. The social world of astrology, having faced the disappointment of failure to be proven by the scientific model, would rather have "life" than legitimacy, would rather hold onto its tenets than accept that all it consisted of was the chance for a few statistically interesting results that offered no significant validation to the experience of the astrologer's consulting room and the astrologer's world view.
Addey died before he could reply to Shallis's challenge and to this day this debate lies unresolved. Michel Gauquelin — , a French psychologist who began to find statistical support for astrology, published his work in this period. Gauquelin became a saviour of the astrological cause, with many astrologers seemingly happy to make him their champion rather than thinking about the fact that his positive results were not, in fact, validating their daily astrological practice. However, the slow corrosion of his research results and his tragic suicide in mark a turning point in the attitude of astrologers best described in the words of Patrick Curry in his in memorial to Michel Gauquelin: It was certainly predictable; whether inadvertently or deliberately, Michel had wandered into the sights of the scientific apologists trained on a favourite target.
Nor did he really have the support of many astrologers, who were understandably chary of yet another successful scientific operation in which, unfortunately, the patient did not survive. Curry captured the problem squarely in his memorial: the vitriol of the "scientific apologist" and the apathy or disassociation of the astrological community.
This anger is probably the seed of the disdain and myopic views displayed by some of the interviewees concerning research. Indeed this myopic view was also stimulated by the editorial attitude of Correlations where, for nearly twenty years from to , no form of research other than quantitative was published. This is a strong indication that astrologers were ignoring advancements being made in qualitative research methods in the human science fields. Unmistakably the astrological community was only interested in what was considered the Holy Grail, that is, for astrology to be seen as the original sacred science and to be accepted by the current scientific community.
The editorial by Rudolf Smit in the winter of stated: The AA set up Correlations as a platform of scientific research into astrology, hoping that it would help create an astrology based on fact rather than on assumption. To a large extent this has not come about — despite many published studies, and despite occasional hopeful findings we seem to be no nearer our goal than when we started. For some time there has been a need for a journal in which to publish experimental results, discuss theoretical issues and permit communications between researchers of all persuasions.
Clearly scientism had stolen and soured the hearts and minds of the astrological community. This sterile and limiting view that astrological research could only be legitimate if it followed the scientific method was also supported by the work of Geoffery Dean who published Recent Advances in Natal Astrology, his review of astrological research, covering the period from to In this work he discusses and discredits over two hundred separate astrological experiments, all of which are quantitative research projects endeavouring to prove astrology by the scientific method.
Towards the end of his work he reviewed an experiment where some supportive results were found. He talked of five experiments based on astrologers doing blind readings where they were asked to link charts to keywords or traits. When the astrologers were questioned they indicated that they may have used their intuition rather than getting all the information from the horoscopes. Dean then dismisses the results: Whatever the explanation it is clear that the significant blind trials have not demonstrated that astrology works but only that astrologers work. Hence to adequately test astrology the participation of the astrologer must be eliminated.
This point aside, to most astrologers Dean's statement is similar to announcing that to truly discover the role of music all musicians must be eliminated, to understand language we must eliminate all speakers of that language, to understand art we must eliminate the artist. Yet such a reflex reaction reveals, whether astrologers are aware of it or not, that astrology is probably more suited to qualitative methodologies where the human element is required and embraced rather than neutralised or eliminated.
In the face of such prolonged criticism and failure with the world of science, it is understandable that most astrologers would strive to distance themselves and their subject from this reductionist approach. Unfortunately, in their apparent distaste they also distanced themselves from the fertile world of qualitative research. Other epistemologies had turned from the scientific methodology and developed their own methods.
Indeed the sheer volume of methodologies in not only the social sciences but also in computing, economics, political science, management, information technologies and commerce show the success of the concept of a methodology as a tool in a social world for generating its own knowledge while at the same time legitimising and defining itself within the arena of other epistemological groups.
Consequently the lack of standardised methodologies, indeed even the apparent lack of debate concerning methodology within the astrological community can be considered a major weakness of this community. Inevitably this leads to a lack of definition but more importantly, this epistemological world has no mechanism or ability to critique its own subject, its own authors and the writings and papers of its own scholars.
Here possibly is the consequence of over 80 years7 of astrology's obsession with the scientific method to the exclusion of all else. Astrology seems to stand isolated from the established mainstream world, discredited by the academy and aloof from the occult pre-Cartesian world. Two natural questions arise from this infatuation with the scientific method and resulting feeling of cultural isolation.
One question is whether letting go of the scientific ideology and the acceptance of a position among the human sciences may be too big a shift in definition for the astrological social world. The far right, anti-astrology Christian group, Reachout Trust8 suggests that astrology seeks to be considered a science to avoid having to be called a religion.
One senses that while the question is far more profound than this simple black and white statement, it is nonetheless a valid question to raise. However, defining a body of knowledge as a religion or as a set of religious beliefs does largely depend on the position of the person making the distinction. It is apparent now, after hundreds if not thousands of quantitative astrological research projects, that astrology does not belong in the world of Newtonian science9. Notwithstanding its label by some as superstition or religion, a viable alternative position could be that astrology is a catalyst to new ways of thinking in future-science.
Indeed it is entirely possible that by exploring other types of research options, astrology may be helped to discover its future form. The second question that arises from astrology's non-performance in the scientific model is: how do astrologers cope with the stress of non-definition and with little potential for legitimisation of their subject? Gary Phillipson captures this question elegantly in his article Astrology and the anatomy of doubt in Mercury Direct, where he stated: What is the astrologer's wound?
Perhaps we, as astrologers, should take our own advice and learn from this wound; perhaps the scepticism that so often seems burdensome will bring growth and learning, if we are prepared to really look at it. If both Phillipson and the interviewee are correct, then the logical style of research that needs to be undertaken in astrology is qualitative rather than quantitative. The only alternative position is that astrologers accept Dean's statement that the act of astrology does not require the astrologer Indeed in considering the style of astrological publication of the last twenty years, astrologers are already using qualitative research methods in the same manner as the social sciences.
However, unlike the soft-sciences the astrological social world has failed to acknowledge this and standardise its methods. We begin to see the Newtonian merry-go-round. It would seem therefore that astrology does not really know where it stands in the modern world. Having failed to align itself with the scientific community, it still holds on to its legacy as a sacred science, instinctively sensing that it is too large or holy a subject to be simply placed as another "ism" in the social sciences. Thus it moves forward with the exploration of its subject using the tools of qualitative research but turns a blind eye to this practice, either by denying that it is research, as expressed by several of the interviewees, or at other times simply refusing to borrow from or observe the qualitative methods of other disciplines — possibly considering them less worthy or less sacred.
The style of qualitative research which is published by astrologers Qualitative research is the product of the social sciences and in social world theory it is one of the ways that they justify their position, maintain their cultural boundaries and allow themselves to establish credibility as a human science. This style of research is the collection of information that generally cannot be expressed as units that can be measured, weighed or calibrated. The value of this information is in its richness of detail and often consists of detailed interviews with a few members of a particular social group.
The richness of the information gathered provides a record and documentation of human life which may or may not be generalised. There is no onus of proof. In many ways most astrological texts and lectures use a style of this research method, for it is common practice for astrologers to use detailed case studies to justify or explain an astrological point of argument. Case study methodology is quite broad in that it is a detailed exploration of a particular issue within a given group or set. A case study is an empirical inquiry that: investigates a contemporary phenomenon within its real-life context, especially when the boundaries between phenomenon and context are not clearly evident Yin In astrology, however, such studies are not designed to bring new insights but seem to be used more as an explanation or example, rather than as a genuine research endeavour.
By examining astrological books and articles, it can be shown that in producing work a lecture or a publication the astrologer will search to find particular horoscopes that fulfil the conditions where the individual has already displayed the desired behaviour pattern or experienced the desired event. When answering the question concerning whether they do astrological research, one of the interviewees talked of this particular style of methodology. I am tempted to just say 'No' here but that wouldn't be strictly true. I do do empirical research. Sometimes I have done this purposefully in order to discover something i.
For example, there are several disease 'signatures' that I am sure I have discovered - just by virtue of seeing so many clients. In a sense this type of research is trying to discover a genotype the rules by which complexity or life unfolds — which in this case is the horoscopic signature from a given phenotype the end complex product after the basic rules or genes have unfolded — in this case the occupation and or lifestyle of a comedian. Unless there are only a few variables in both a horoscope and how a person lives their life, this is an extremely difficult process.
Indeed the current encrypting methods used to protect the global financial world markets are based on the premise that this is a near impossible feat Positive Coding Once the qualitative data has been collected, the social sciences have developed different methods for analysis of the raw data. One particular method is called positive coding where number values are assigned to key concepts that are revealed in the interviews or questionnaires.
Positive coding has a long history in astrology. Indeed it is possible that astrology was the first to use positive coding of qualitative data. The method is well documented from the time of Ptolemy and is called almutens. By the 9th century the Arabic astrologer Omar of Tiberias raised positive coding to an art form with what is now called compound almutens - positive coding incorporating previous positive coding.
The author has used this technique in the area of sports predictions.
KP Astrology Journal Magazine JASA
This date was the commencement of the series known as The Ashes. Every horoscope was examined for the features described by Guido Bonatti in his Tractatus Sextus and each feature was allocated a number value. The winner of a particular match was the team that achieved the highest number score within the match's horoscope. By grounding the scoring system in the historical data, the outcome of every match of the then forthcoming series was successfully predicted.
Here the horoscopes and the results of the historical matches were the qualitative raw data. Bonatti's analysis was used to code the data. If a horoscope had certain astrological features then using positive coding, a number value could be assigned to the data, thereby enabling a quantitative judgement to be applied.
Grounded Theory12 Grounded Theory can be thought of as a hybrid between quantitative and qualitative research. It is an endeavour to apply rigour and standardisation to qualitative data in order for theory to be developed directly from the data. Originally developed by Glaser and Strauss in the s, its purpose is to develop a theory about phenomena. As the theory had to be grounded or rooted in observation and it draws its name from this process. In brief, the research begins with broad general questions which helps to guide the research but is not intended to restrict it in any way.
As the researcher begins to gather data, they begin to identify core theoretical concepts and make provisional linkages between theory and the data.